Amma therapy is a classical Asian bodywork style that predates acupuncture. Amma–literally push-pull–is one of the oldest known Chinese words to describe bodywork. Highly specialized, Amma therapy combines deep rhythmic, circular digital pressure and acupressure point stimulation with Chinese medical principles for accessing and treating imbalances in the energy system. To understand Amma therapy better, we need to back up and look at the Three Branches of Chinese Medicine.
The Three Branches of Chinese Medicine
Chinese medicine can be broken into three broad branches.
Asian Bodywork Forms
Herbs and Nutrition
All three traditions share their foundations in Taoist philosophy, which recognizes that humans are not separate of their surroundings and to live vitality is to live in harmony with mind, body, spirit and their surroundings. They share foundational theories including Yin/Yang theory, 5 Element theory, 8 Principle and Zang Fu theory–however, individuals and schools may place more emphasis on one theory over another.
All three branches share assessment and diagnosis tools like tongue and pulse assessment, observation, listening, palpation, etc. And they all recognize an energetic system in the body as a primary part of the being–not just the physical form. The difference comes in how the treatment is applied. Acupuncturists use needles to access the energetic pathways; the herbalist & nutritionist uses herbs and foods to treat; and the bodyworkers use their hands.
All methods should focus on not just treating symptoms, but treating the root cause of disharmonies and then creating vibrancy and vitality. Individual practitioners may practice in only one branch, or ideally in keeping with the holistic principles of Chinese medicine, they should encompass several. Personally, I believe that any Asian bodyworker or acupuncturist should be utilizing nutrition and/or herbs in their practice or they are missing a huge component of the nature of well-being.
Amma therapy, like acupuncture and other Asian bodywork forms, focuses on the balance and movement of Qi (energy) within the body. Whereas the acupuncturist inserts needles into the energy pathways to stimulate and move the energy, the Amma practitioner relies primarily on the sensitivity and strength of the hands to manipulate the client’s Qi. Amma therapy techniques include both deep-tissue manipulation, that is used in other forms of therapeutic massage, and the stimulation of Qi movement that is the basis of Chinese medicine. Although there is a basic form, Amma therapy is highly adaptable to the client’s needs. For example, a client with fibromyalgia or cancer may need a very gentle treatment compared to the depth and vigor of treatment that an athlete can handle. We have to meet each client where they are at and then work to reach or maintain health. Some practitioners specialize and work with only certain clients, however, Amma can be used for all ages and all stages of health. I treat young and old, athletes to those who are ill.
A Little Amma Therapy History
Amma therapy’s origins date back nearly 5,000 years to the time of the Yellow Emperor (Hwaung Di). Hwuang Di is accredited with being the first to codify medicine in the Hwaung Di Ni Jing. First mentions of this text were during the Han Dynasty (206 BCE-25BCE). Like other lineages, oral history predated this text–so who really knows how far back it goes. Amma literally means ‘push-pull’ and is recognized as one of the oldest Chinese words for bodywork or massage. The form of Amma therapy I practice comes from the lineage of Tina (Kim) Sohn. Like other members of Kim family, a ruling class in Korea, Tina was educated in Traditional Chinese medicine, acupuncture, philosophy, bodywork, herbs and martial arts. She married Dr. Robert Sohn and brought Amma Therapy to New York in 1964. I was trained at the Wellspring School by Rylen Feeney beginning in 1993. I stayed with the school working as an apprentice and then moved into teaching and directing the programs from 1995-2010.